OCEB Logo OMG Certified Expert in BPM™ (OCEB™):

The Fundamental Exam covers basic elements of Business Essentials and Business Modeling, Business Process, Business Process Management, Business Process Modeling, and essential and widely-used industry frameworks. Holders of the OCEB Fundamental Certification have demonstrated the knowledge and modeling skills to be productive members of a BPM project team on either the Business or Technical side of the aisle.

Examination Number: ................... OMG-OCEB-F100
Duration: .......................................... 90 minutes (90 questions)
Minimum Passing Score: ........... 55
Exam Fee ........................................ US $200 (or equivalent in local currency)
Prerequisites: ............................... None

This page starts with the Coverage Map for the OCEB Fundamental Examination - a list of the topics and subtopics covered, and the percentage of the exam that each occupies. Following the Coverage Map is the list of references, along with suggestions for study. 


Business Goals, Objectives
Business Basics from the purely Business Point of View: Business fundamentals, strategy, planning and goal-setting, project management, marketing, staffing, finance.
Business Process Concepts and Fundamentals
Fundamental aspects of Business Processes:  Identifying (Discovering) business processes, characteristics of processes, As-Is process vs. To-Be process, Levels of business process modeling, Tying Business Processes to Goals and Objectives
Business Process Management Concepts and Fundamentals
Fundamentals of Business Process Management: Functional vs. Process-Centric Enterprise Organization; Styles of Process Management; Advancements in Process Management;  Stakeholders' Roles and Responsibilities; Enabling Tools of Process Management
Business Modeling
Business Modeling Fundamentals - Elements of the Business Motivational Model: Business Vision, Goals, Objectives; Means and Ends; Mission, Strategies, Tactics; Aspects of Business Modeling
Business Process Modeling Concepts
This section is based on OMG's Business Process Modeling Notation Specification™ (BPMN™)
Business Process Modeling Fundamentals: BPMN Basics; BPMN Diagram Elements; Control Flow and Message Flow; Activities and Decomposition; Events; Gateways; Data objects, Artifacts, and Associations; Grouping Elements of a Model; Difference between Sequential and Parallel flow. 
Business Process Modeling Skills
This section is based on OMG's Business Process Modeling Notation Specification.
Business Process Modeling Skills: Most questions in this section ask something about a brief scenario presented either as a BPMN diagram or in a few sentences. BPMN elements and modeling topics covered include Pools and Lanes; Activities and Subprocesses; Gateway logic; OR vs AND vs XOR; Start and End Events; and Timers (e.g. simple Intermediate Event types). 
Process Quality, Governance, and Metrics Frameworks
Awareness of Industry Reference Models, and Quality, Metrics, and Governance Frameworks: This section covers its topics at an high level, allowing the candidate to demonstrate awareness of a range of industry frameworks that may prove either beneficial or, for regulatory frameworks, required by law in a project. Covered frameworks include the APQC Process Classification Framework, SCOR, Value Chain Reference Model, Business Process Maturity Model (BPMM), Six Sigma, Balanced Scorecard, COBIT, Basel 2, and Sarbanes-Oxley.





The BPM experts who mapped the coverage and wrote the questions for the OCEB examinations found that no single book covered the range of material that a well-rounded BPM practitioner needs to know. In our lists for the different examinations, you'll find the books that we used to write the questions, but we don't think it's necessary to study this exact set in order to do well on the exam. In the entry for each book, we've listed the topics we covered from it; if you have another book that covers the same topics, or can find an alternate source somewhere else (such as on the Web), we suggest you use it instead of investing in a book that nearly duplicates it.

  • OCEB Certification Guide- Business Process Management- Fundamental Level
    Tim Weilkiens- Elsevier, 2011 [ ISBN- 978-0-12-386985

    Chapters 2 (Basic Principles of Business Management)
                      3 (Basic Principles pf Business Processes)
                      5 (Business Modeling)
                      6 (Modeling Business Processes Using BPMN)
                      7 (Frameworks)

  • MBA in a Day
    Steven Stralser - Wiley, 2004 [ ISBN-10: 0471680540 ]
    Chapters 1 (Human Resources)
                      8 (Marketing, Strategy, Competitive Analysis)
                     11 (Project Management)

  • The Complete Idiot's Guide to MBA Basics, 2nd Edition
    Tim Gorman - Alpha, 2003 [ ISBN-10: 0028644492 ]
    Chapters 1 & 2 (Management functions and skills)
                      3 (Parts of a Business)
                      8 (Operations Management)
                      9 (Business Decisions)
                     13 (Financial Analysis)
                     23 (Strategic Planning)
  • Business Process Management Systems
    James F. Chang - Auerbach, 2006 [ ISBN-10: 084932310X ]
    Chapters 1 (Theories of Process Management)
                      2 (Business Process Management)
  • Business Process Management: The Third Wave, Fourth Anniversary Edition
    Howard Smith & Peter Fingar - Meghan-Kiffer, 2007 [ ISBN-10: 0929652347 ]
    Chapters 1 (Discusses the Rise of BPM)
                      3 (Enterprise Business Processes)
    Appendix A (Section A: Foundation for Collaborative Commerce)
  • Business Process Management: A Rigorous Approach
    Martyn Ould - Meghan-Kiffer, 2005 [ ISBN-10: 0929652274 ]
    Chapter   1 (Basic Process Concepts)
Papers (All downloadable free): 
OMG Specifications (All Downloadable free): 
Industry Frameworks:

There are simply too many relevant industry frameworks to cover in any detail, for this part of the  examination we have chosen breadth over depth:  Every BPM Practitioner needs to be aware of these widely used frameworks - the topic each covers, and highlights of the way each one organizes its domain - so the OCEB Fundamental examination covers these key characteristics, but does not go deeper. Many practitioners will specialize in one of these frameworks, learning its details and seeking the specialized additional certification offered by these frameworks' sponsoring organization. Many of the frameworks are covered by definition or description documents, referenced here,  which may be downloaded free directly from their sponsoring organization's website. For Six Sigma and Balanced Scorecard, you will probably do equivalently well studying from the books listed here or from tutorial material that you locate yourself by Internet search. Regulatory Compliance and Governance is a serious topic, and we think every BPM practitioner should be aware of both general aspects and a number of specific standard and regulatory frameworks including those covered here. The book we list  would be an asset in any BPM practitioner's library, but is not the only source of reliable information on the topics covered.  

  • Six Sigma for Dummies
    Craig Gygi et al - Wiley, 2005 [ ISBN-10: 0764567985 ]
    Chapters 1 (Defining Six Sigma, Introductory section)
                      3 (Pinpointing the Essentials of Six Sigma,  Introductory section and first section, The Project Strategy: DMAIC)
    10 (Locking in the Gains, covering basics of process control and control charts)
    Note: Any good introductory book or reference on Six Sigma will prepare well for the awareness-level coverage in the OCEB Fundamental examination. 

  • APQC Process Classification Framework, V 5.0.3
    Downloadable here. (PDF version, which is the default.) Pages 1-3. 

  • Supply Chain Council's Supply-Chain Operations Reference model (SCOR), v9.0
    Overview Booklet downloadable here
    or v10.0 downloadable here. Overview and basic structure as presented in V9.0 on, e.g., pp 2, 3, 7, 8; or in v10.0 on pp 6, 11, 12. 

  • Introduction to the Value Reference Model (VRM)
    First two sections. 

  • The Balanced Scorecard: Translating Strategy into Action
    Robert S. Kaplan, David P. Norton - Harvard Business School Press, 1996 [ ISBN-10: 0875846513 ] Chapter 1. 
    Note: Any good basic book or introductory article on Balanced Scorecard will  cover the foundation material tested in the OCEB Fundamental Examination. 

  • Say What You Do: Building a Framework of IT Controls, Policies, Standards, and Procedures
    Dorian, J Cougias et al - Shaser-Vartan, 2007 [ ISBN-10: 0972903968 ]
    Chapters 1
                      2 (pp 11-52, covering general aspects of regulatory compliance and governance, plus COBIT,  Basel 2, and Sarbanes-Oxley)

For more information or questions about the OMG Certification Program, please contact certificationinfo@omg.org
OCUP, OCRES, OCEB and OCSMP are joint programs of the OMG and the UML Technology Institute (UTI)

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