Work plan

Background

The Object Management Group (OMG) C4I Task Force (DTF) was originally formed as a working group for members of the world's militaries and their contractors and vendors could discuss interoperability issues. Since that time, the group has evolved into a DTF, empowered to recommend technolgies for adoption by the Domain Technology Committee.

Each year since 1997, the C4I DTF has held a special meeting, known as a Coalition Day event, where senior officials in the militaries of the world are invited to share their views on interoperability and to find out what the OMG can do for them. The Coalition Day events have provided the C4I DTF members with an understanding of the requirements of military information systems that led them to the conclusion that the problems of operating in coalition were fundamentally the same as operating in joint environments (operations where forces from multiple services from the same nation) with two basic exceptions:

  • Information systems and forces of any two nations will be subject to differing overarching policy and doctrine.
  • Information system and forces of any two nations will have differences in the semantics of their terminology

It became clear that acting individually, there is no nation that can solve these obstacles to interoperability. It is only through joining in a common environment can these obstacles be adequately addressed so that the information systems of military forces can be connected with confidence that they will be interoperable from the moment of that connection.

While the scope of the C4I DTF was initially limited to the C4I and sustainment environment, the it was quickly discovered that the information requirements of the C4I domain are also applicable in other functional domains, such as fire, rescue, police, and other civil emergency authorities, particularly when they must cooperate with their peers in other nations, as happens often in the Baltic, for instance. Further, they also apply to non-government organizations (NGOs) that operate across national and cultural boundaries, excellent examples of which include the Red Cross/Red Crescent, Oxfam International, and other relief agencies. As a result of these realizations, the C4I DTF has broadened its scope to include the requirements for interoperability among all organisations that can be considered to be members of the Emergency and Crisis Management Community (ECMC).

MISSION

The C4I Domain Task Force of the Object Management Group (OMG) is focused on improving interoperability between systems used for joint service and coalition military operations and civil crisis management operations, in support of relevant interoperability doctrine.

Such operations require the rapid establishment of a high degree of interoperability, as well as efficient, reliable, and secure communications and operations, in order to support:

  • Situational awareness and beyond to include: battlespace management, fire support, logistics, intelligence, etc
  • Efficient exchange of information among all levels of command
  • High mobility and rapid deployment for out-of-area activity or military operations other than war

The systems concerned cover:

  • Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and Intelligence (C4I), also known in the UK as C2I CIS (Command, Control and Intelligence, Communications and Information Systems – i.e. the C2I business, and the systems that support the business) and in NATO as C3 (Consultation, Command and Control)
  • Surveillance and reconnaissance systems
  • Sustainment disciplines (such as logistics, weather, air traffic control, etc.)

Vision

Individual countries and members of the ECMC can no longer afford to develop unique or custom solutions for systems to support military operations, nor can such unique and custom solutions meet the need for interoperability between systems from different nations and organizations that is required where joint service and coalition military operations are combined with civil emergency and crisis management operations. Thus, it is necessary to look at industry first for technical solutions, to evaluate current technology for use or reuse, and to foster development of commercial products that can be used or modified to meet military and ECMC needs.

To achieve this, it is necessary to communicate emerging requirements at an early stage in product development to allow the commercial marketplace the opportunity to design in capability to meet the military and ECMC needs. Government, Academia, and Industry must all do a better job at transferring technology from one domain to another.

The C4I DTF and OMG believe that improved interoperability of C4I systems will be achieved through the adoption of distributed object and component technologies, and the specification of interfaces that enable the development of commercial products and services that interoperate. The C4I DTF provides the vehicle for government agencies, civil crisis management agencies, military, researchers and contractors to use the OMG process to develop such specifications. In doing this, the DTF can also:

  • Organize and prioritize C4I and ECMC requirements to guide commercial industry towards more effective support for C4I and ECMC systems implementation based on distributed object and component technologies
  • Play an educational role within the C4I community and ECMD (government agencies, civil crisis management agencies, military, researchers and contractors) to promulgate the benefits and realities of distributed object and component technologies and the OMG activities.

Purpose of This Roadmap

This roadmap provides the framework in which the C4I DTF organizes, plans, and executes activities to fulfill the Mission and Vision, providing the means through which interested parties can express their requirements for action through the OMG. The intended audience is broad - OMG Technical Committees, OMG Members, Government Organizations, Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) Military Organizations, and Industry at large, etc. - since Emergency and Crisis Management Operations generally require a wide spectrum of resources. Its express purpose is to address specific requirements for systems within the C4I DTF domain and define a plan of action for the development of specifications and products that can be used with little, or no modification, to improve interoperability in civil crisis management operations, and joint service and coalition military operations. The primary measure for gauging the effectiveness of this document and the C4I DTF itself is the number of new specifications and products developed to meet the C4I requirements.

As a basis for structuring its work the C4I DTF has identified a set of Focus Areas (see above figure). Specific activities (Work Areas - WA) are further defined within the Focus Areas for the development of specifications to improve interoperability, common understanding and awareness, along with efficient, effective, rapid management. For details on the definition of a Focus Area and the activitied and C4I DTF products within it, just click on the appropriate box.

 

 

Last updated on: 11/09/2007